Home » 2014 Volume 9, 3. Relativity and gravitation, 4. Astrophysics, 5. Cosmology » TPAC: 4960-039 v1, Vol. 9, p. 73–77
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Comoving to expansion Newtonian potential of galaxies and clusters instead of dark matter

 Zahid Zakir [1]

Abstract

    Stretching of the Newtonian potential (NP) at early epochs is investigated and it is shown that observed effects, usually ascribed to a dark matter, can by explained by such stretching only. Increasing by time a radius of the gravitationally-bound region (GBR) and conservation of gravitational energy lead to a new scenario in which values of NP in expanding volume are maintained, while in physical volume are stretched. Really, the energy conservation in expanding volume requires for NP values to be comoving to the expanding shells. In addition, the radius of gravitationally-bound region increases by time due to decreasing of expansion velocity and different shells around galaxy cease expansion at different times. Thus, as far a shell placed from galaxy, as longer it was expanded and thickened, while potential difference on its boundaries remained unchanged. This shifts the values of NP around galaxy proportional to the distance r and, as the result, the gravitational acceleration, from NP’s 1/r^2 dependence, turned to 1/r dependence, as for centrifugal acceleration. This fact naturally explains the known empirical facts, such as flatness of rotation curves and velocity-mass relationships for galaxies and velocity dispersion in clusters.

PACS: 95.30.Sf, 95.35.+d, 98.65.Cw, 98.62.Ck
Key words: gravitation, cosmological expasion, rotation curves, galaxy clusters

Vol. 9, No 2, p. 73 –77, v1,          31 July 2014

Online: TPAC: 4960-039 v1,      31 July 2014;   DOI: 10.9751/TPAC.4960-039


[1] Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophyics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan  zahidzakir@theor-phys.org

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