Archive

Archive for November, 2013

Nov
13

Models of the Universe with strongly conserved energy of matter

 Zahid Zakir [1]

Abstract

     It is shown that earlier in the Friedmann models requirements of nonrelativistic dynamics of a dust ball, concerning the energy conservation, have not been obeyed, which then led to inconsistency at formulation of relativistic models too. It is proposed a method for reformulation of models of relativistic cosmology when at small distances they naturally coincide by the nonrelativistic model of the dust ball. As the result, in such modified model some of former problems of the Friedmann models do not arise.

PACS:  04.20.Cv, 98.80.-k, 98.80.Jk 95.30.Sf, 97.60.Lf, 98.35.Jk, 98.54.-h, 98.80.-k, 04.60.-m  

Key words: cosmological models, energy conservation, redshift

Vol. 8, No 3, p. 67 – 74, v1,   13 November 2013

Online: TPAC: 4700-033 v1,  13 November 2013;   DOI: 10.9751/TPAC.4700-033


[1] Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophyics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

      zahidzakir@theor-phys.org

Nov
13

On the theory of relativistic collapse and relativistic explosion. 

3. The frozar and frozon crystallizations.

 Zahid Zakir [1]

Abstract

     A free radial falling to a common centre of inertia of two and more identical gravitationally-frozen objects – frozars (stellar mass or supermassive) and frozons (particles of Planck energy, the fluctuations of which are frozen in the self-gravitational field) is studied. Two frozars cannot merge and freeze without touch of nearest points of their surfaces, and the distances between the system’s centre of inertia and centers of frozars always exceed the system’s gravitational radius. The gravitational radius of a system of three and more frozars always several times exceeds the gravitational radius of each of frozars. For this reason the freely falling frozars freeze by forming a frozar supercrystal, where mean distances between the surfaces of frozars several times exceed a radius each of them. Frozons also cannot merge and only form frozen complexes, mainly as pairs of particle-antiparticle, up to frozon microcrystals. Frozar and frozon crystallizations appear as two fundamental general relativistic phenomena determining the structure of most compact and most massive objects in particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. In astrophysics supermassive collapsed objects at the centre of stellar clusters, galaxies and quasars most probably are supercrystals of frozars and ordinary matter. During cosmological expansion primordial frozon and frozar crystals were centers of inhomogeneities, and also appear as a dark matter. If there will be a contraction stage, the Universe as whole also will freeze in a state of global frozar crystal and the contraction will stop, so there the cosmological singularity will absent and entropy of the Universe will be conserved. In particle physics the vertexes of interaction with frozons do not exist and compact objects having energy exceeding the Planck energy are “atoms”, “molecules” and microcrystals of frozons.

PACS:  04.20.Dg; 04.70.-s; 97.60.-s, 98.54.-h  

Key words: relativistic stars, collapse, frozars, black holes 

Vol. 8, No 3, p. 62 – 66, v1,   13 November 2013

Online: TPAC: 4700-032 v1,  13 November 2013;   DOI: 10.9751/TPAС.4700-032


[1] Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophyics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

      zahidzakir@theor-phys.org