Archive

Archive for April, 2013

Apr
15

The frequency and intensity stasis effects for radiation crossed galaxy clusters.

2. Isotropy and anisotropy of CMB

 Zahid Zakir [1]

Abstract

     In the previous two papers it has been studied a new class of general relativistic effects – the frequency and intensity stasis of radiation crossing gravitationally-bound regions (GBRs), such as galaxy clusters, due to switching out from the cosmological expansion flow. In the present paper the theory of stasis effects is applied to cosmic microwave background (CMB). For a part of CMB crossing a cluster these effects lead to the stasis of its temperature and «heating» w.r.t. a normally expanded flow outside the cluster. As a result, instead of former paradigm about almost sterile propagation of CMB from the recombination epoch, in fact, general relativity and cosmological principle lead to the opposite picture. Mixing of flows of relic photons, repitedly isolated many times from expansion flow in GBRs along their path, sufficienly changes the physical characteristics of CMB, particularly, leads to its isotropy and loss of earlier times perturbations. The observing anisotropy follows from the stasis effects at crossing of multiple layers of clusters at our nearest environment.

PACS: 98.80.Es, 97.60.Bw, 98.65.Cw, 98.62.Py, 98.62.Ck, 98.62.Qz, 98.80.Jk, 98.70.Vc

Key words: cosmology, galaxy clusters, gravitation, background radiation, anisotropy  

Vol. 8, No 1, p. 16 –23, v1,  15 April 2013

Online: TPAC: 4488-029 v1,   15 April 2013; DOI: 10.9751/TPAC.4488-029


[1] Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophyics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

      zahidzakir@theor-phys.org

 

Apr
15

 The frequency and intensity stasis effects for radiation crossed galaxy clusters.

1. Localized sources.

 Zahid Zakir [1]

Abstract

     In the previous paper it has been proposed and preliminary studied a new class of general relativistic effects following from switching out of radiation from the cosmological expansion flow at crossing the largest gravitationally-bound regions, such as galaxy clusters. In the present paper more consistent theory of such stasis effects is formulated and its observational consequences are considered, particularly, in this first part of paper the corrections to observational data for Type 1а supernovae are presented. Preservation of frequency and intensity of radiation at crossing large number of clusters leads to sufficient decreasing of observable redshifts z and higher apparent luminosities of sources. Only normal redshifts z’ of photons not crossed clusters, which give true distances exceeding the distances following from z, are directly related with the scale factor. The effects increase for distant objects because of smaller inter-cluster distances at early epochs. The existence of the stasis effects for radiation leads not only to new and more exact data analysis methods in extragalactic astrophysics and cosmology, but also to the revising of distance scales and properties of objects all classes.

PACS: 98.80.Es, 97.60.Bw, 98.65.Cw, 98.62.Py, 98.62.Ck, 98.62.Qz, 98.80.Jk

Key words: cosmology, gravitation, galaxy clusters, supernovae, redshift 

Vol. 8, No 1, p. 7 –15, v1,  15 April 2013

Online: TPAC: 4488-028 v1,   15 April 2013; DOI: 10.9751/TPAC.4488-028


[1] Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophyics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

      zahidzakir@theor-phys.org

 

Apr
15

Redshift stasis of photons at crossing the gravitationally-bound regions revises the supernovae data

 Zahid Zakir [1]

Abstract

     In gravitationally-bound regions (GBR), largest of which are galaxy clusters, metrics is averagely static and here objects, including radiation, do not participate at the cosmological expansion. In the paper the discovery of new observable effects for radiation crossed such regions – the redshift stasis and flux amplification – is reported. The stasis of wavelength appears as a blueshift with respect to a normally expanded flux and the stasis of distances between photons appears as a higher luminosity. Due to smaller inter-cluster distances at earlier epochs, the corrections to observing redshifts and magnitudes grow with distance. It is shown that the influence to the crossing radiation of switching off on expansion flow is significant and it may exceed up to two or three orders the ordinary gravitational effects of clusters. This sufficiently revises the estimations of characteristics of extragalactic objects and the confrontation with observations of cosmological models becomes correct only at accounting of these stasis effects. The stasis effects sufficiently change temperature of cosmic microwave background and its anisotropy also and lead to new blueshift effects, which particularly may appear in observations as a “dark flow”.

PACS: 98.80.Es, 97.60.Bw, 98.65.Cw, 98.62.Py, 98.62.Ck, 98.62.Qz, 98.80.Jk, 98.70.Vc

Key words: cosmology, gravitation, galaxy clusters, supernovae, redshift, background radiation

Vol. 8, No 1, p. 1 – 6, v2,  15 April 2013

Online: TPAC: 4488-027 v1,   15 April 2013; DOI: 10.9751/TPAC.4488-027


[1] Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophyics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

      zahidzakir@theor-phys.org